The Impact of Proficiency in First Language on Mastering English for Saudi EFL Students

Khaled ELkotb Mahmoud Elshahawy


The study aimed at clarifying the relationship among standard Arabic language (Fus`ha) and English language proficiency concerning the three skills of speaking, reading and writing. To achieve this aim, the research participants were 100 undergraduate male and female students from the Department of Languages &Translation, English language, at a Saudi University. The study design adopted the quasi-experiential design using one experimental group to be taught the study program, Integrated Program-Based Three Skills of Arabic and English Language (I PBTSAEL), which was based on the integration of Arabic and English languages skills. A quantitative and qualitative analyses were employed. The study instruments included: Pre-post three skills test (PPTST) and semi- structured interviews. The statistical methods of the paired samples t- test and the effect size analyses were employed for interpreting the quantitative data, whereas the qualitative data were collected from the semi-structured interviews. The findings of the study indicated that the study program of IPBTSAEL improved the participants English language skills of speaking, reading and writing. This data proved the positive transfer and relation between standard Arabic (Fus`ha) and English language. The study recommended strongly applying its program in other courses and other majors for improving other EFL undergraduate students’ English language skills of speaking, reading and writing.


Positive transfer, Standard Arabic (Fus`ha), English language Proficiency, Three Skills (Speaking, Reading, Writing).

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