The Effects of Contextual Clues on Incidental Vocabulary Learning

Najwa Mohamad Bagais


This research paper was conducted to investigate the effects of contextual clues on incidental vocabulary learning. Vocabulary is an essential element in language learning output and input. Without sufficient knowledge, language learners will not be able to understand others or express their sentiments. The problem is that lack of vocabulary affects students’ comprehension and performance in their academic years which of course leads to language impairment and difficulty in using and learning that language. The current study is based on a quantitative type of research. The most important steps taken to solve this problem are through using tools: questionnaire, pretest, post-test to search for the effects and attitudes toward the contextual clues on incidental vocabulary learning. The results show that the contextual clues strategy made an effect on the participants' incidental vocabulary learning. Even though the difference between the pre-test mean (4.20) and the post-test mean (4.83) might be minor, we assume that it is effective and useful for language learners to use this technique. The questionnaire represented that the students had enough idea about the contextual clues which are necessary for applying the technique. Moreover, their attitude toward the context clues was satisfying. Most of the participants strongly agreed that the technique is valuable. They also were satisfied with the strategy when it was applied in the classrooms. Luckily, there was a good impression noted toward the research.


contextual clues, incidental vocabulary, language learning

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