Behaviorism vs Constructivism: A Paradigm Shift from Traditional to Alternative Assessment Techniques

Shahzad Ahmad, Naveed Sultana, Sadia Jamil


Assessment is an integral part of teaching and learning, determine whether and to what extent goals of education have been achieved. The present article discusses the applications of different types of assessment and evaluation procedures in teaching. The main research objective was to strengthen the superiority of alternative forms of assessment methods over traditional assessments in the light of learning theories i.e. behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. These learning theories define learning differently. A growing body of research suggests that assessment greatly influences classroom instruction and that it is closely linked to teaching and learning. Students learn the way they think they will be assessed rather than what is mentioned in the curriculum. The present study concludes the importance of alternative assessment techniques to highlights learner’s misconceptions and gaps in their knowledge.


behaviorism; cognitivism; constructivism; learning; alternative and traditional assessment methods

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